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Birds need to have their nails and wings trimmed at regular intervals. Overgrown nails can become a hindrance for the bird and must be done away with at the earliest. Nails maybe considered to be overgrown if the toe is lifted off the ground while the bird stands on a flat surface.

One can clip nails with either a human nails clipper or dog nails clipper all depending on the bird size. Secure the bird to its perch and clip off the tip of its nail. Clip off small amounts of nail as this reduces accident chances.

• Maintain a healthy diet for your bird. An imbalanced diet leads to disease and early death in most cases. As a rule, start with a healthy diet during the bird's infantry stage.
• Do not feed birds on seeds alone (yes even the seed eating ones need an occasional change). Introduce a diet which has a variety of vitamins and minerals and is inclusive of vegetables and fruit.
• Pelleted food is also a good idea for birds. Generally the pellets are a rich blend of grain, seeds, vegetables, fruits and a variety of proteins. Larger birds should be fed higher portion of these.
• Fruit and vegetable, when fed to the bird should be presented in their most natural state (this offers the bird entertainment, besides birds decide on their favourites by looking at texture and taste). Droppings may increase after feeding the bird natural fruit and vegetable, but this is natural.
• Replace uneaten portions with a fresh fill.
• Another favourite with all birds is sprouted seeds, so give them a generous helping.
• Bugs are also an essential part of a healthy bird diet.
• An ideal diet should contain 10 per cent fruit, 50 per cent vegetables, and a dash of meat and dairy products, backed up by seeds, nuts or pelleted foods.

Strictly avoid feeding birds junk food as also matter like chocolate and alcohol.

Birds demonstrate signs of illness only when it has advanced. Do bear to check with the vet in case your feathered pet demonstrates any of these signs:

• If a bird becomes nervous, defensive and fearful it is evidently reflected in their attitude to food as well. If the bird has changed meal habits it is a clear indication of illness.
• A change in colour and volume of droppings could be yet another indication of brooding sickness.
• In case there is a considerable `tone down' in bird activities be rest assured that s/he is not keeping well.
• Increased irritability and less friendliness is an indication of ill health.
• Ruffled feathers, closing eyes frequently and sitting low on the perch are indicators of poor health.
• Fat is abnormal in birds. Keep a lookout for its occurrence.
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