So, finally you have bought a puppy. A cute little creature with innocent sparkling eyes, looking inquisitively at all corners of your home. You are just about to start a journey with the newest member of your family, your cutie pie, your speechless sweetheart. Many people decide to opt for a pup after being in close acquaintance with a friend/relative having a pet. But, often, they drift away from their responsibilities and give the pup away or abandon him/her during the first few months of its teething (period when dog is developing its canines). The ethical move is to remain tolerant and groom the personality of your pup. Following are the few tips which would really help you to cope with various behavioural problems of your dog.
• First of all, never buy a puppy which is less than 42 days old. Every dog has to go through a specific weaning period (breast feeding) of 42 days, absence of which can lead to improper growth and malnutrition.
• On the first night, your puppy will feel uncomfortable, missing his/her mother and other littermates. It is advisable to fetch a cloth or a Nyla bone (artificial fibre) from the breeder which was in close proximity with the mother and other littermates. When the cloth is placed in his sleeping quarters/crate, the dog will feel comforted merely by the scent of his family members. Keep sufficient amount of food and water next to him.
• Your puppy can be determined or co-operative. Make a point of never scolding your dog especially when he/she is whining. You will just unnecessarily end up scaring the pup, resulting in severe behavioural problems. Instead, take a more soft-hearted approach to settle him down.
• Never bathe a dog before he/she completes 4 months. Also, never tie your dog with body belts until he/she completes 3 years of age. This can lead to severe growth problems of various organs at specific areas.
• Like a child, even your puppy should be trained with his/her toilet habits. A dog tends to pass urine/excreta in the same place where he/she would have done it before, because of the odour and the association he makes — that it is the right place to do it. To avoid this, wash that spot (on the floor) with caustic soda. A dog will indicate with a number of desperate symptoms like digging the floor/bed before passing the stools. The ideal move is to take your dog immediately into the toilet. Slowly but steadily it will become his/her habit to pass his stools inside the toilet.
• Dogs are inherently nosy and extremely indomitable; once they have put their mind to something, they get carried away with the situation. It solely depends upon the owner, whether he wants to encourage/discourage his behaviour.
• Puppies tend to go on a rampage, tearing your sofa sets and sandals during the first few months of teething. Try to fetch maximum number of soft toys, chews and Nyla bones, which would keep his/her activities at bay. Nowadays, calcium bones are also easily available to provide your dog with appropriate minerals essential during teething and old age.
• Occasionally take him for a stroll and show him/her the stray dogs. This will prevent him/her from barking at them once he is grown up. Never provoke your dog to pull and tear any cloth/object. This will make him more aggressive and in the future he/she will get the urge to do similar things and even attack if necessary.
• Before all this, vaccinate your dog with 7 in1 and anti-rabies serum at regular intervals, whenever necessary to keep disease/epidemic in check.
A lot, you’ll realise. Here are some factors to keep in mind while naming your pet puppy and training it to respond to its new name.
While Naming it… • It is preferable to use a name with more than one syllable, as it is easier for a dog to hear a longer name than a shorter one. Biscuit or Bruno or Mini is easier to hear than say Spot or Dan or Liz. • Make sure that your pet’s name doesn’t sound close to any other word you might use while instructing your pet. Like Pat sounds similar to ‘sit’.
While Training It… • Okay, so you have selected a name finally. Now make sure that you use it often enough, while playing, petting or hugging it, so your puppy gets used to it as soon as possible. • Never use your puppy’s name when you are upset, angry and in the process of disciplining it, or else it will not respond to you when you address it, no matter how adorable the name sounds.
You’ve adopted a pup and are really going ga-ga over it, but are scared on leaving it behind once you leave for work? Will the pup ruin your pad? Uproot your precious plants? Rip through the cushions and make the place look like it was recently subjected to Nuke bombing? Here are a few tips to ease these teething troubles which both you and the pup could be facing and make acclimatization a smooth process instead of the rip-chew-tear nightmare it could be!
• For starters understand that the pup is completely lost on his surroundings and he will take some time to get familiarized with these changed environs. Grant him the window period. Be prepared for this reaction and be extremely patient with your new companion (ideally it would be nice to get the pup home when you can spend some time with it – a weekend is best). • Get accessories like leash, collar, rubber bone, water and food bowl well in advance. Shopping for these later is not such a good idea. • Update your dog’s vaccination status and other health reports. In case any immediate medication is required do that at the first instance. Take the pup to the nearest veterinary hospital and get it checked for any problems. • Chalk out a routine for your pup. His walk time, meal time, play time, etc should be decided in advance and stick to the routine. Even seemingly small issues like whether the dog will be allowed in the kitchen, sleep on the bed, need to be decided now.
Training canines is all about efforts and patience. No use calling dogs names like dumb mutt or getting frustrated with their incomprehensive attitude. Obedience and intelligence levels differ from breed to breed amongst canines. While smaller dogs like Pomeranians are known to be smarter, larger ones are famed for other attributes besides intelligence (this is not a general case though). If one is specifically looking for guard dogs then one should choose accordingly. And like we said before, grooming is all about patience and efforts – both in large quantities.