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tips4me.com - emergency measures
EMERGENCY MEASURES
IS YOUR ENGINE A SMOOTH OPERATOR?


The engine is the most important part of your car’s anatomy. To prevent premature engine wear due to extreme climate or engine temperature, you need to service the vehicle's cooling system seasonally and get your local service dealer to perform a few basic preventive maintenance checks. Here are some major points you should pay attention to...

Leaks
Check for external leaks which include water manifolds, radiator seams, water pumps, freeze plugs and all hose connections. The radiator hoses wear from the inside too and outside appearances can be deceiving, so scrutinize the condition of radiator hoses carefully.

Check for internal leaks by pulling the oil dipstick and checking for evidence of coolant that will show up as minute droplets or sludge and are easy to spot. This could indicate a cracked head, block or blown head gasket.

Cooling Issues
Check the radiator for obstructed air flow and clean any debris from the fins. Also check the radiator mounting for loose bolts or cracked brackets from vibration and stress.

Check the cooling fan by moving the fan blade back and forth. Over 1/4" of play in either direction could point towards excessive bearing wear. Also turn the fan by hand. If it free-wheels or there is a rough grating feel as the fan turns, this could reflect excessive fluid loss or bearing wear respectively. This is an evidence of fluid leakage and in such a case the fan clutch should be replaced. If the vehicle is equipped with an electric cooling fan, a quick performance check can be made by turning on the A/C and checking to make sure it operates without excess vibration or noise. Check all electrical connections for signs of corrosion, or physical damage. With the engine hot, check to see if the fan comes on at the correct temperature and operating properly.
 

What When My Breaks Fail!


Here’s what you should do:
1.Pump the brake pedal and apply the hand brake. The handbrake is independent of the normal foot brakes.
2. Switch on your headlights and keep honking for other road users to be alerted.
3. Shift to second gear and switch off the engine.
4. If even after doing this the vehicle falls to slow down then only try shifting to reverse gear (in this case the gear in gearbox may get damaged but it is better than causing a major accident).
5. If this happens during down hill driving then along with steps 1,2 and 3 rub your vehicles tyres with the side railing. If required try step 4.
 

Yeow! The Accelerator Is Stuck!

Frightening, yes, it can be when your car does not decelerate even after you’ve removed your foot from the accelerator. If this happens to you then here’s what you should do:

However panicky you are do not lose your concentration on the steering.
Look at the traffic ahead and behind (using the rear view mirror) to check if a sudden stop is possible. If yes, then switch off the ignition and change to second gear applying brakes simultaneously
If a sudden stop is impossible then start your left turn indicator, allow traffic to pass from right, put into neutral & then switch off the ignition.

Is Your Engine A Smooth Operator?


The engine is the most important part of your car’s anatomy. To prevent premature engine wear due to extreme climate or engine temperature, you need to service the vehicle's cooling system seasonally and get your local service dealer to perform a few basic preventive maintenance checks.

Leaks

Check for external leaks which include water manifolds, radiator seams, water pumps, freeze plugs and all hose connections. The radiator hoses wear from the inside too and outside appearances can be deceiving, so scrutinize the condition of radiator hoses carefully.

Check for internal leaks by pulling the oil dipstick and checking for evidence of coolant that will show up as minute droplets or sludge and easy to spot. This could indicate a cracked head, block or blown head gasket.

Cooling Issues
Check the radiator for obstructed air flow and clean any debris from the fins. Also check the radiator mounting for loose bolts or cracked brackets from vibration and stress.

Check the cooling fan by moving the fan blade back and forth. Over 1/4" of play in either direction could point towards excessive bearing wear. Also turn the fan by hand. If it free-wheels or there is a rough grating feel as the fan turns, this could reflect excessive fluid loss or bearing wear respectively. This is an evidence of fluid leakage; the fan clutch should be replaced. If the vehicle is equipped with an electric cooling fan, a quick performance check can be made by turning on the A/C and checking to make sure it operates without excess vibration or noise. Check all electrical connections for signs of corrosion, or physical damage. With the engine hot, check to see if the fan comes on at the correct temperature and operating properly.
 

Is Your Engine A Smooth Operator - Part II


Let us delve into some more points that you need to give a ‘dekko’ to ensure your engine is a smooth purrer.

Start by checking the conditions and the coolant level of your engine. If the coolant level is about an inch or two below the filler neck of the radiator then it is ok, that is where it should be. You need to test the protection range of the coolant. Use an antifreeze to do this. If the coolant is over two years old or has rust in it, flush the system and refill with new antifreeze solution. This helps to maintain proper rust inhibitor and other additive protection in the cooling system.

If the radiator cap is rusty or the rubber seal has dried out, replace it immediately. You can test the cap by using a pressure tester, which indicates if the cap is operating at the required pressure.

Another check you need to do is that of the drive belts. Drive belts deteriorate easily by improper adjustments, engine fluid spillage or lubricant leakage. You would do well to compare your drive belts with the optimum specifications of the manufacturer.
 

CHECK THOSE BRAKE LIGHTS


One of the worst things a driver fears is getting bumped from behind. That’s what makes brake lights so important. Be honest now and try to recollect the last time you checked those lights at the rear. Indeed, brake lights are something few drivers ever think about, and it’s amazing to see vehicles on the road that have brake lights that aren’t functioning properly. Perhaps the bulbs may be burnt out, or the wiring undone. Periodic checks of brake lights will go a long way in avoiding getting hit by the driver on your tail.  


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